Changing climates and increased variability present many threats and risks to both human and biophysical systems at multiple scales. The outcomes of such changes will progressively affect all aspects of environmental functioning including social and economic landscapes. Impacts will be felt across key Earth systems operations (including the occurrences of extreme events and disasters) as well as social sectors like agriculture and rural economies; communications and transport; utilities and infrastructures; and industry and business.
Understanding the nature of current and emerging risks, as well as sensitivities and exposure to those risks, will provide critical information on the net effects of vulnerability and adaptation and what should the priorities be for the Ireland’s National Climate Change Adaptation Framework. Tracking variability using a variety of environmental quality and human and ecological health indicators will increase the capability of assessing climate risks and resiliency opportunities as they evolve.